A closed syllable is a syllable that ends in a consonant. The consonant behaves like a gate and closes off a vowel.
Here are some simple examples. In them the consonant that locks off the vowel has been highlighted in each word.
dad fun job man lip leg big hid
Try saying these words aloud and you’ll notice that in each there is a short vowel.
The examples above were one syllable words.
These larger words follow the same pattern.
rab/bit tim/ber sol/id mod/el kit/ten
Some words contain "open syllables" and join a syllable that is closed. If you would like to learn more about these click open syllable.
Below are examples of multi-syllable words with both types of syllables. Notice the syllables that are closed are highlighted.
hap/pen pop/u/la/tion ba/ker o/ver
Remember that if they are closed they have a short vowel sound.
Try this yourself. It will give you a better understanding.
Below are some open syllables which end in open vowels.
See if you can close them by adding a consonant to
each word at the end. Check for a word which has one extra letter in a dictionary if you are not sure.
be_ me_ go_ no_ so_ we_
Now see if you can make up some two syllable words like this.
By learning about these different syllables your reading and spelling will improve because
Of course there are other aspects of learning to read and spell (see articles on this site) but this knowledge will help considerably.
Go From Closed Syllable to Teaching Phonics